Generac Spreader 1403 0 User Manual

GENERAC  
Portable Generator  
Power Transfer System with Dual Load Manager  
Owner’s Manual  
CONTENTS:  
Installation Instructions - - - - - - - - - - - -Page 1 through 12  
Owner’s Operating Procedure - - - - - -Page 13 through 16  
IMPORTANT  
This product must be installed in compliance with local residential wiring and electrical codes by a  
licensed electrician or qualified professional. Generac Portable Products is not responsible for  
damaged equipment, accidents, or personal injury caused by incorrect installation.  
Read this Safety Manual and Instructions BEFORE operating Power Transfer System.  
DESCRIPTION  
The Model 1403 Power Transfer System safely connects up to twelve essential household loads, such as the  
furnace fan, freezer, refrigerator, water well pump, sump pump, lighting or outlet circuits to either the utility power  
or a portable generator. In the event of a utility power failure, the homeowner can safely select devices to be  
powered by an outdoor portable generator. Self-contained load meters assist the operator when managing power  
loads. The power transfer system will not permit connection to both utility and generator power at the same time.  
The Model 1403 Power Transfer System is easy for a licensed electrician or qualified professional to install, safe  
for a homeowner to operate, and will work with 240 Volt AC generators factory equipped with a NEMA type  
14-50R receptacle.  
This manual contains important warnings and information. READ AND RETAIN FOR REFERENCE.  
Model No. 1403-0 Power Transfer System Manual No. B4610 (Revision 2, 1/28/2000)  
This symbol points out important safety instructions, which, if not followed, could endanger the personal safety and/or  
property of yourself and others. Read and follow all instructions in the manual before attempting to operate this unit.  
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Generac Portable Products Power Transfer System  
Sum Loads from Data Plates  
GENERAL SAFETY  
INFORMATION  
1. A licensed electrician or qualified professional  
(referred to herein as “installer”) must install  
the power transfer system per local code.  
The installer inspects each desired device, notes  
current consumption found on labels on each  
appliance, then adds all loads on each circuit:  
• The rated current of appliances and motors can  
usually be found on a data plate or decal affixed to  
the device.  
2. During installation, the installer is required to  
remove the cover from the building power  
distribution panel (referred to herein as a ‘load  
center’.) To reduce the risk of electrical shock, the  
Main circuit breaker must be turned OFF while the  
load center cover is removed.  
• The rated wattage of lights can be taken from light  
bulbs.  
• Some electric motors, such as induction types,  
require about three times more power for starting  
than for running. This surge of power lasts for only a  
few seconds when starting such motors. Be sure to  
allow for this high starting load.  
3. DO NOT OVERLOAD THE GENERATOR.  
Overloading a generator in excess of its rated  
wattage capacity will trip generator circuit  
breakers.  
Estimate Loads  
The third method estimates total circuit loads based on  
information given in Figure 1.  
4. Always plug the connecting cord set into the  
connection box and generator BEFORE starting  
the generator. Always shut the generator down  
before detaching the cord set.  
Figure 1 — Load Reference Guide  
APPLIANCE ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~LOAD DRAW  
5. Portable generators attached to this Power  
Transfer System must be operated outside, in  
accordance with warnings and instructions found in  
the generator’s Owner’s Manual.  
Air Conditioner (12,000 BTU) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(1700W) 7A@240V  
Coffee Maker ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(1000W) 8.4A@120V  
*Electric Range (one element) ~ ~ ~(1500W) 6.3A@240V  
Electric Blanket ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(1500W) 12.5A@120V  
Electric Skillet ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(1250W) 10.5A@120V  
*Freezer ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(500W) 4.2A@120V  
*Furnace Fan (1/3 HP) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(1200W) 10A@120V  
*Jet Pump ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(800W) 3.4A@240V  
Light Bulb ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(100W) 0.9A@120V  
Microwave Oven ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(700W) 5.9A@120V  
Oil Burner on Furnace ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(300W) 2.5A@120V  
Oil Fired Heater (30,000 BTU) ~ ~ ~ ~(150W) 1.3A@120V  
Oil Fired Heater (85,000 BTU) ~ ~ ~ ~(225W) 1.9A@120V  
Oil Fired Heater (140,000 BTU) ~ ~ ~(400W) 3.4A@120V  
Radio ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(50 to 200W) 0.5 to 1.7A@120V  
*Refrigerator ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(600W) 5A@120V  
*Submersible Well Pump (1 HP) ~ ~(2000W) 8.4A@240V  
Sump Pump ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(600W) 5A@120V  
PLAN THE INSTALLATION  
The installer and the homeowner decide which circuits  
are to be powered by the generator during a utility  
power outage:  
• The plan should ensure that no single circuit load  
exceeds 15 Amps.  
• The plan should also identify circuits that exceed the  
15 Amp maximum.  
• During generator operation, the homeowner should  
use only necessary household items and to alternate  
use of larger loads, such as water pump or electric  
skillet. The installer will instruct the homeowner in  
appropriate load management techniques.  
Three methods of determining loads are given here:  
Measure Actual Loads  
Television ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(200 to 500W) 1.7 to 4.2A@120V  
* Allow 3 times the listed watts for starting these devices.  
WATTS = AMPS x VOLTS  
The installer uses a clamp-on ammeter to measure  
each of the actual desired loads to ensure each total  
circuit draws less than 15 Amps.  
3
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hole, as shown in Figure 3. Secure the conduit  
connector to the load center with the supplied lock  
nut.  
INSTALLATION  
PROCEDURE  
Load Manager™ Switch  
Figure 3 — Wire Loom from Switch  
Before removing the load center cover, plan mounting  
location for both Load Manager™ switches. To do so,  
hold a Load Manager™ switch about 18 inches from  
the center of the load center, as shown in Figure 2.  
Figure 2 — Planning Switch Location  
NOTE: The following procedure describes the  
installation of one Load Manager™ switch. Use  
identical instructions to install and test the second  
Load Manager™ switch.  
5. Anchor the Load Manager™ switch to the wall at  
the selected position, as shown in Figure 4.  
1. Ensure there is enough room to mount both Load  
Manager™ switches so their flex conduit attaches  
directly to the load center.  
Figure 4 — Anchoring Load Manager™ Switch  
2. Identify appropriate vacant load center 3/4”  
knockouts.  
DANGER: Contact with wires and terminals  
inside the load center must be avoided as  
contact may result in dangerous electrical  
shock. Before removing the load center cover,  
switch OFF the main circuit breaker serving the  
load center. Remember that wires on the line  
side of the main circuit breaker are electrically  
dangerous.  
3. Turn OFF the load center’s main circuit breaker,  
then remove the load center cover.  
4. Remove the predetermined knockouts. Route all  
wires extending from the flexible conduit attached  
to a Load Manager™ switch through the empty  
4
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6. From the load management plan, determine the  
IMPORTANT:The installer should never cross the  
black and red leads from the Load Manager™ switch.  
Doing so will void the warranty and could cause  
significant damage to Load Manager™ components  
and the generator.  
load that is to be connected to Load Manager™  
switch circuit “A”. Turn that load center circuit  
breaker to its “OFF” position. Loosen the screw  
that retains the wire to this breaker, then detach  
the wire. Figure 5 shows the selected load wire  
detached from the circuit breaker.  
Make Sure:  
• The RED wire from the Load Manager™ switch is  
always connected to the circuit breaker.  
Figure 5 — Wire Detached From Breaker  
• The BLACK wire from the Load Manager™ switch is  
always connected to the wire going to the load.  
DANGER! You must connect the Load  
Manager™ switch wires as described or serious  
damage to the equipment or yourself may result.  
9. Select the load center circuit that will become load  
management circuit “B”. Repeat Steps 6 through 8  
for the red and black wires marked “B” coming  
from the Load Manager™ switch.  
Wire removed  
10. If you wish to connect a 240 Volt AC two-pole  
circuit, such as a well pump, proceed as follows:  
a. Turn off the two-pole circuit breaker used for  
the pump circuit and detach the load wires  
from that breaker.  
7. Find the black and red wires marked “A” that come  
from the Load Manager™ switch. Using good  
workmanship, route both of these wires near the  
selected circuit breaker. Trim and strip the red “A”  
wire and install it properly into the circuit breaker.  
b. Select the four wires marked “C” and “D”  
coming from the Load Manager™ switch  
conduit and route them close to the selected  
circuit breaker(s).  
8. Trim and strip the black “A” wire to mate with the  
wire previously detached from the breaker. Secure  
the wire ends with a wire nut. Neatly dress the  
wires into the load center, as shown in Figure 6.  
c. Repeat Steps 6 through 8 for each pair of red  
and black wires “C” and “D”.  
d. A typical two-pole circuit connection is shown  
in simplified form in Figure 7.  
Figure 6 — Single-pole Connection  
Figure 7 — Two-pole Connection  
5
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11. If a two-pole circuit is not needed, the two-pole  
b. Trim and strip the green wire and install it into  
coupled switch can be converted into two single-  
pole circuits. Simply remove and discard the  
handle tie connecting load management circuits  
“C” and “D”, as shown on the right in Figure 8.  
the GROUND bar.  
c. Remove protective backing from the “Attention  
Decal”. Per National Electric Code, affix decal  
to load center surface closest to the green wire  
installed in (b.) above.  
Figure 8 — Convert Two Pole to Single Pole  
d. If no ground bar exists, install the GREEN wire  
into an unused hole in the neutral bar. Affix  
label as described in (c.).  
e. Figure 10 shows a properly-connected GREEN  
lead.  
Figure 10 — GREEN Lead Installation  
Handle Tie Installed  
Handle Tie Removed  
12. When steps 6 through 8 have been completed for  
all desired circuits, install the WHITE (neutral) lead  
coming from the Load Manager™ switch, as  
follows:  
a. Find an unused hole in the load center neutral  
bar.  
b. Trim and strip the white wire and install it into  
the neutral bar.  
c. Figure 9 shows a properly-connected WHITE  
lead.  
Figure 9 — WHITE Lead Installation  
14. Install the second Load Manager™ switch,  
repeating the instructions given in Steps 4 through  
13 above.  
15. After both Load Manager™ switches have been  
installed, install the load center cover. Set all  
switches on both Load Manager™ switches to the  
“LINE” position. Turn ON the load center MAIN  
breaker. All breakers in the load center connected  
to Load Manager™ circuits should be switched on.  
Load Manager™ switch installation is now  
complete.  
(Neutral)  
13. Install the GREEN lead coming from the Load  
Manager™ switch, as follows:  
a. Find an unused hole in the load center  
GROUND bar.  
6
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